Strategic Goal E:Target 20: By 2020 financial resources implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020

Strategic Goal E: Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building.

Target 20: By 2020, at the latest, the mobilization of financial resources for effectively implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 from all sources, and in accordance with the consolidated and agreed process in the Strategy for Resource Mobilization, should increase substantially from the current levels. This target will be subject to changes contingent to resource needs assessments to be developed and reported by Parties.

Contribution/Measures

Public Finance and Management Act of 2015 provides for funding of all sectors and creation of specialized funds

Debt Conversion for nature in Kenya marine and terrestrial conservation

o          Revised EMCA

o          Wildlife Act 2013-Provides for the Establishment of the Wildlife Conservation Trust Fund and other Conservation Trust Funds-Water Funds (A good example for a case study)

o          Forest Act- fund for conservation and management

o          Climate change fund, 2016

o          Science Technology and Innovation Act has established formation of a national research fund

(To check other funds established under other sectors)

•           The Ministry of Environment and Forestry (Netfund) has adopted a Resource

mobilization priority investment area linked to Biodiversity-(Ministry to provide document)

The Ministry has adopted Integrated approach towards GEF programming targeting biodiversity, climate change and land degradation.

The National Treasury and Planning through the State Department for Planning in partnership with development partners and stakeholders, produces a Comprehensive Public Expenditure Review (CPER) report on a three-year period that is well researched to replace the annual public expenditure review. The second Comprehensive Public Expenditure Review (CPER) 2017  presented a comprehensive analysis of public expenditure during the first three years of devolution thereby linking expenditure to achievements while taking cognizance of cost of achieving the results. The CPER also assesses the extent to which expenditure addresses national and county level priorities in order to strengthen the link between policies, planning and budgeting. Consequently, it informs current and future expenditure and budget decisions and is also a key input in the MTEF budget cycle. The CPER included an in-depth sectoral analysis for health, agriculture, infrastructure and energy sectors. However, the Environment Protection, Water and Natural Resources Sector was reviewed under the overall analysis.

GoK with support from development partners has progressively increased budget allocations to the NRM sector.

Development partners support e.g. GIZ ABS, integrated platform for clearing research permitting, NACOSTI, NEMA, KWS…

The Kenya NBSAP will provide a clear resource mobilization strategy for funding

Public Finance and Management Act of 2015 provides for funding of all sectors and creation of specialized funds

Debt Conversion for nature in Kenya marine and terrestrial conservation

Revised EMCA

Wildlife Act 2013-Provides for the Establishment of the Wildlife Conservation Trust Fund and other Conservation Trust Funds-Water Funds (A good example for a case study)

Forest Act- fund for conservation and management

Climate change fund, 2016

Science Technology and Innovation Act has established formation of a national research fund

The Ministry of Environment and Forestry (Netfund) has adopted a Resource mobilization priority investment area linked to Biodiversity-(Ministry to provide document)

The Ministry has adopted Integrated approach towards GEF programming targeting biodiversity, climate change and land degradation.

Challenges

We lack a comprehensive National Biodiversity Policy  to provide  the legal  and institutional frameworks  for establishing Biodiversity funds  resource mobilization & allocation