Strategic Goal E:Target 19 By 2020, knowledge of biodiversity shared and applied.

Strategic Goal E: Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building

By 2020, knowledge, the science base and technologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of its loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and applied.

Contributions/Measures

The National  Clearing-House Mechanism in Kenya has been created pursuant to Article 18, paragraph 3, of the Convention on Biological Diversity to facilitate scientific and technical cooperation, Promoting and facilitating the exchange of information relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of its loss.

NEMA is the designated  national focal points for the Clearing-House Mechanism for Kenya

The integration of Science, Technology and Innovation (ST&I) in national productive processes was considered central to the success of the government’s policy priorities and programmes outlined in Kenya Vision 2030. The capabilities of STI are, therefore, considered critical in ensuring sustainable development with natural resource management and disasters. Further, STI capabilities are to promote sustainable development, especially through social integration, conservation and sustainable management of biodiversity; sharing opportunities and benefits of a knowledge-based society and economy and strengthening local and indigenous knowledge and culture.

The Natural Product Initiative is one of the flagship projects of the Vision 2030 which aims to create an interface between indigenous knowledge and Science, Technology, Innovation and business expertise; spurring home-grown innovation culture and promote quality production and growth while developing Kenyan unique products that meet national and international standards. Under the MTP II, the National Council for Science, Technology and Innovation (NACOSTI) supported the creation of enabling policy, legal, regulatory and institutional framework to ensure formal recognition and anchoring of natural products in the mainstream economy. Key success factors include harnessing of indigenous knowledge and related genetic resources; creation of a comprehensive inventory of ethno-botanical resources and building capacity for product discovery, improvement, development and commercialization capability with Government support and participation of private sector and individuals.

For policy reform under MTP III 2018-2022, proposals include development of the Natural Products Policy; National Intellectual Property Policy; National Innovation Policy; Indigenous knowledge and Technology Policy. The following bills will be reviewed and enacted: The Biosciences Bill; Kenya Institute of Nanotechnology Legal Framework; and Natural Products Bill.

On information sharing and management, there has been a concerted effort through various entities such as the project funded by the JRS Biodiversity Foundation on the development of Kenya’s Biodiversity Atlas, an open access platform for hosting and supporting biodiversity data. Other efforts have been  made through the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Biodiversity Information for Development (BID) programme with the aim of increasing the amount of biodiversity data available about a country so as to respond to national priorities; and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development’s (IGAD) Biodiversity Management Programme (BMP) whose main objective was to establish biodiversity databases, build technical capacity and digitise biodiversity collections so as to generate a map of biodiversity and other key information products for the IGAD Region.  Kenya published 389,349 new occurrence records during 2019 out of a total of 305,637,165 occurrence records added globally to GBIF. The National Museums of Kenya, Kenya Wildlife Service and other institutions have published datasets with GBIF and a total of 31 articles since 2008

[1] GOK 2018. The Presidency – Marking Ten Years of Progress of Vision 2030 – 2008-2018. http://vision2030.go.ke/inc/uploads/2018/09/Kenya-Vision-2030-Sector-Progress-Project-Updates-June-2018.pdf

[2] Biodiversity Atlas of Kenya Portal. http://biodiversityatlaskenya.org/

[3] https://jrsbiodiversity.org/grants/african-conservation-centre-2018/

[4] https://igad.int/executive-secretary/1806-igad-closes-its-biodiversity-management-programme

[5] Monda, Lawrence. “Biodiversity Data Management: Regional challenges.” Biodiversity Information Science and Standards, 2019. Accessed 28 May 2020. https://go.gale.com/ps/anonymous?id=GALE%7CA613229834&sid=googleScholar&v=2.1&it=r&linkaccess=abs&issn=25350897&p=AONE&sw=w

[6] GBIF Kenya Country Activity Report. 28-5-2020. https://www.gbif.org/sites/default/files/gbif_analytics/country/KE/GBIF_CountryReport_KE.pdf

Kenya is participating in various GBIF projects:

  • GBIF Africa Nodes data mobilization, ecological niche modelling and data paper training and mentorship Capacity Enhancement Support Programme, 2015–2016 This project is centred on providing practical training on ecological niche modelling and the preparation of data papers to participants from up to 10 nodes in Africa using real datasets for threatened or invasive species to be published to the GBIF network. https://www.gbif.org/project/82204
  • Kenya’s other carnivores: harnessing biodiversity data for conservation BID: Biodiversity Information for Development, 2016–2017 This project mobilizes existing biodiversity data for 31 species of Kenya’s small carnivores to develop a national strategy for their conservation. https://www.gbif.org/project/82779
  • Mobilizing data on freshwater snails in Kenya BID: Biodiversity Information for Development, 2016–2017 This project is mining and will publish records of freshwater snails from existing voucher collections of the National Museums of Kenya and other research institutions. https://www.gbif.org/project/82725
  • Mobilizing biodiversity information from the Kenya Wildlife Service BID: Biodiversity Information for Development, 2016–2018 This project organizes biodiversity data collected in Kenya’s protected areas since the 1950’s. https://www.gbif.org/project/82706
  • Prioritizing conservation management in an East African forest landscape BID: Biodiversity Information for Development, 2017–2019 A Rocha Kenya, the National Museum of Kenya (NMK), Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS), Animal Demography Unit of University of Cape Town (ADU), and the Arabuko- Sokoke Forest Guides Association (ASFGA) will access, assess, digitize, engage and improve the data for birds, mammals, invertebrates, reptiles and higher plants in order to inform the management of important, unique and threatened forest ecosystem. https://www.gbif.org/project/7EOzw96rgAoSKKUgYaoaCe