Strategic Goal B:Target 9 By 2020, invasive alien species and pathways are identified and measures taken

Strategic Goal B: Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use

Target 9 By 2020, invasive alien species and pathways are identified and prioritized, priority species are controlled or eradicated and measures are in place to manage pathways to prevent their introduction and establishment of invasive alien species.


The Wildlife Conservation and Management Act 2013 on seventh schedule on invasive species lists 1 mammal, 7 reptiles and amphibians, 17 birds, 10 plants and 1 invertebrate.

The Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service (KEPHIS) ensures that the introduction of plant pests, diseases and noxious weed into Kenya is prevented or delayed. All phyosanitary measures are based on international standards as in International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) and World Trade Organisation (WTO) agreement on sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) regulations and guidelines. The Plant Protection Act (CAP 324), the suppression of Noxious weeks (Cap 325) and the Agricultural produce (Export) Act (Cap 319) provide the legal framework through which the authority carries out phytosanitary regulation service.

Kenya Wildlife Services have also identified invasive alien species in protected areas  and developed a strategy on IAS management and control. CABI working with key stakeholders have developed a guide to the naturalized and invasive species of Laikipia . There have been various projects especially on point source pollution and eradication of the water hyacinth in Lake Victoria through the three phases of the Lake Victoria Environment Management Programme (LVEMP)  among others

SDG Goal Relevant target and indicators Kenya’s actions
Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss 15.8 By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species 15.8.1 Proportion of countries adopting relevant national legislation and adequately resourcing the prevention or control of invasive alien species Kenya has developed and enacted several policy and legal instruments related to prevention and control of invasive alien species. These include: National Environment Policy 2013 (Pg. 36), National Strategy and Action Plan for the Management of Invasive Species in Kenya, The Plan Health Protection Act Cap 324, Agriculture, Fisheries and Food Authority Act. No. 13 of 2013, Environmental Management and Coordination Act 1999 (amendment 2015), Wildlife Conservation and Management Act 2013, and Forest Conservation and Management Act 2016, and Fisheries Management and Development Act 2016. Also relevant are the National Forest Programme 2016-2030 and Wetlands Conservation and Management Policy. Further, NEMA has prepared guidelines on Prevention of Invasive Alien Species; Early Detection, Rapid Response and Eradication; Control and Control strategies[1].


[1] NEMA 2011. Integrated National Land Use Guidelines.