Strategic Goal B: Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use
Target 7: By 2020 areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity.
Enactment and development of legal and policy frameworks to support implementation of the Constitution 10% target for area under forest, Sustainable forest management, Participatory forest management/Community forest management, Climate Smart Agriculture (climate smart technologies and practices), Water Resource Users (WRUAs) for water resources management, Enhanced /increased Protected areas systems, and Community conservation Sustainable aquaculture.
The Key Policy actions include the National Strategy to achieve the 10% tree cover target, The Green Economy Strategy (GESIP)and Implementation Plan 2030, National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP) 2013-2017 and 2018-2022, MTP II and MTP III sector Plans, and various Acts, Policies and Plans for Water for Water, Agriculture and Environment respectively.
The size of protected forest area has increased from 1.57 million hectares in 2010 to 2.59 million hectares in 2019 mainly through gazetting of new forests with sustained increase and since 2015.
The National Forest Programme 2016-2030 defines the national forest framework which is premised on sustainable forest management. The overall goal: To develop and sustainably manage, conserve, restore and utilize forests and allied resources for socio-economic growth and climate resilience. The first strategic objectives is to increase tree cover and reverse forest degradation through sustainable forest management.
The Kenya Climate Smart Agriculture Strategy 2017-2026, seeks, among others, to minimize GHG emissions from these sectors. The Strategy elaborates efforts mainstream sustainable natural resource management into production systems to minimize emissions in agricultural production systems and enhance resilience of agriculture systems to climate change impacts. This involves promotion of agroforestry/farm forestry and adoption of practices that encourage inclusion of trees in the farming systems e.g. conservation agriculture with trees for reduction of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.
Management and conservation plans to ensure sustainable use of natural resources and biodiversity rich areas e.g. livestock production. Participatory Forest management plans, Aquaculture policy
Application of climate smart agriculture including drought resistant/tolerant varieties promoted and Agro forestry practices promoted
In NCCAP 2013-2017 and the SNC, the following three mitigation actions were prioritised for the agriculture sector,
- Limiting the use of fire in range and cropland management, which has mitigation potential of 0.29 MtCO2e by 2030;
- Conservation tillage, which has mitigation potential of 1.09 MtCO2e by 2030; and
- Agroforestry, which has mitigation potential of 4.16 MtCO2e by 2030.s
Key results are:
- Number of households and acreage under sustainable land management (SLM) increased for agricultural production:
- Support for the reclamation of 60,000 hectares of degraded land;
- Area under integrated soil nutrient management increased by 250,000 acres;
- Farm area under conservation agriculture increased to 250,000 acres, incorporating minimum/no tillage; and
• Total area under agroforestry at farm level increased by 200,000 acres.