National policies and Reports



Policies: Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

A number of policies and institutions exist in Kenya to support NBSAP implementation. One example is the Forestry Master Plan (1995-2020) which contains various implementation strategies that target the conservation of indigenous forests and their biodiversity; particular attention is given to habitats of high biodiversity and endemism and priority areas for conservation, including wetlands (especially seasonal wetlands), forests, highland grasslands and natural areas near large urban areas. The Forest Act (revised in 2005) addresses reservation, protection, management, enforcement and utilization of forests and forest resources on Government land. Other pieces of applicable legislation include the Water Act, Fisheries Act, Government Fisheries Protection Act, as well as the Intellectual Properties Rights Act that recognizes local knowledge and the rights of communities to genetic resources and to benefits derived from tourism in their areas.

Although a strategic plan has been established for mainstreaming biodiversity conservation into the education sector, there is a lack of biodiversity mainstreaming in other sectors. Furthermore, many development programs are in conflict with desired biodiversity conservation activities. Also, although several ministries have environment in their portfolio, awareness of what each ministry is doing and how synergies can be achieved, remain a challenge due a lack of horizontal cooperation and ineffective partnerships among stakeholders. Moreover, many ongoing programs hardly engage the scientific community.

The country has inadequate environmental and biodiversity-related laws, policies and instructional frameworks as well as overall political instability. Although at present national environment management matters cut across various agencies, the National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) is charged with the coordination and establishment of an appropriate legal and institutional framework for the management and conservation of biological diversity. However, conservation of plant genetic resources (PGRs) in Kenya is mostly uncoordinated and largely donor-funded with a timeframe that is not long enough to sustain the process.

Overall, being a party to the CBD, has improved the financial, human, scientific, technical and technological capacities of Kenya to implement the Convention, but more still needs to be done in the area of technology transfer and material transfer agreements.

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5th National Report Latest report

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National Biodiversity and Action Plan
896.6 KiB
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1st National Report
1st National Report
ke-nr-01-en.pdf
461.0 KiB
164 Downloads
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2nd National Report
2nd National Report
ke-nr-02-en.pdf
310.9 KiB
138 Downloads
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3rd National Report
3rd National Report
ke-nr-03-en.pdf
907.8 KiB
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4th National Report
4th National Report
ke-nr-04-en.pdf
5.0 MiB
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1st Regular National Report on the Implementation of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
176.1 KiB
139 Downloads
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Report on Implementation of GTI Work Programme
50.1 KiB
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