Conserving Ondiri Swamp

NEMA staff, Friends of Ondiri and NCIA during a tree planting exercise at Nyongare River, Kikuyu

World Wetlands Day national celebrations preparations are under way. The day shall be
marked on 22nd February 2022 under the global theme “Wetlands Action for People and Nature”.
This is a day dedicated to celebrating wetlands and disseminate wetlands knowledge. The theme recognizes
that wetland ecosystems are natural habitats supporting human livelihoods and biodiversity hence immediate
and appropriate actions are necessary to conserve and protect the wetlands.
NEMA has been involved in various actions geared towards protecting the integrity of wetlands in the
country, among them restoration activities, enforcement actions and policy guidance.
NEMA joined the National Centre for International Arbitration (NCIA) and Friends of Ondiri in planting
1000 tree seedlings long Nyongera river which is a tributary of Ondiri swamp on 14th October 2022.

The swamp forms the headwaters for Nairobi River which is a major source of water for Nairobi and
Kiambu Counties. This event complements the efforts to protect Nairobi River basin which has been ongoing
with support by Ministry of environment and other organizations. During the tree planting event, NEMA was represented by Mr. Katua, Deputy director CMF. He informed the participants that NEMA is focused to see that wetlands
in the country are conserved for posterity. He thanked NCIA for their support in tree planting and challenged
them to do more in future as the environment is a responsibility of all citizens.
Mr. Wambua, Communications Director NCIA mentioned that the 1000 seedlings support is part of
the organization’s CSR for this year. NCIA is committed to support environmental initiatives in future for the
benefit of humanity. They look forward to partnering with NEMA in more initiatives in the future.

World Habitat Day

CS James Macharia, EGH led this year’s national observance of WorldHabitatDay together with counterpart, CS Keriako Tobiko. This year’s theme: ‘Accelerating Urban Action for a Carbon-Free World’, fosters discussions aimed at addressing the effects of climate change on urban centers. The event took place at Olkaria Spa Naivasha.

World Habitat Day (WHD) is an international day observed on the first Monday of October every year.  This Day was designated by United Nations General Assembly Resolution 40/202A of 17 December 1985.

The Day accords United Nations Member States an opportunity to share and reflect on their experiences, successful initiatives, and challenges encountered in their efforts to provide shelter, and related basic services in a sustainable manner. It is also intended to remind the world of its collective responsibility for the future of the human habitat. In addition, it provides a forum for governments and stakeholders to take stock of achievements and take actions aimed at improving housing and human settlements.

CS James Macharia and CS Tobiko planting trees at Olkaria Spa to mark World Habitat Day 

(English) Plenary 23 Aug – Open-ended Working Group 3 on Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework

Third meeting of the Open-ended Working Group on the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework https://www.cbd.int/article/new-dates… https://www.cbd.int/meetings/WG2020-03

The Open-Ended Working Group will be held virtually from 23 August to 3 September 2021. This process is expected to lead to the adoption of a post-2020 global biodiversity framework at the UN Biodiversity Conference later this year, in Kunming, China.

The Convention on Biological Diversity’s Bureau of the Conference of the Parties in consultation with the Government of Colombia, as host of the WG2020-3, decided to convene the meeting virtually. This is an exceptional measure due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

 

Participation in WG2020-3

Plenary sessions will be limited to three hours each day. Details about the virtual meeting’s procedures, will be made available in the coming weeks, with the overall meeting schedule provided in due course. The Bureau of the Conference of the Parties is in consultation with participants and stakeholders, to ensure an inclusive and transparent process.

Furthermore, the Government of Colombia is planning to convene a high-level event in the margins of the meeting. Further information on the organization and modalities of this important high-level event will be made available, shortly.

Publicly accessible video content from the meetings will be streamed and made available on our YouTube channel.

 

Anticipated Discussions

Governments and stakeholders completed the first round of negotiations on the zero draft of a global framework in February 2020, at the second meeting of the Open-Ended Working Group.  The Working Group’s contact groups produced detailed suggestions on all the aspects of the draft framework. At that time, delegates organised the results of their discussions according to the following themes:

  • Goals of the framework, including the relationship between goals for 2030 and 2050
  • Ways to reduce threats to biodiversity, including new targets for protection, sustainable use and the control of invasive alien species, among others
  • Parties and observers welcomed the inclusion of an action target in the zero-draft framework that addresses climate change as a major direct driver of biodiversity loss and the interrelationship between biodiversity and climate change
  • Meeting people’s needs through sustainable use and benefit sharing
  • Tools and solutions for mainstreaming biodiversity across government, society and the economy.

The Co-chairs of the Working Group and the Secretariat released a first draft of the global biodiversity framework in July 2021. The framework “builds on the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020” and aims to bring about a “transformation in society’s relationship with biodiversity and to ensure that, by 2050, the shared vision of living in harmony with nature is fulfilled.”

Africa Intervention On The Structure Of The GBF OEWG-3
Africa Intervention On The Structure Of The GBF OEWG-3
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African DSI Statement To Be Read In Plenary
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World Environment Day 2021

World Environment Day is celebrated annually on 5 June and is the United Nations’ principal vehicle for encouraging awareness and action for the protection of the environment.
In Kenya, World Environment Day celebration was held at Garissa University, Garissa County.
The Chief guest was Environment and Forestry Cabinet Secretary Keriako Tobiko, Garissa Governor, Ali Korane, Senator Abdulkadir Haji, Chief Administrative Secretaries, Ministry of Health Dr. Mercy Mwangangi, Environment and Forestry CAS Mohammed Elmi, PS Dr. Chris Kiptoo, NEMA Chairman John Konchellah, Director General, Mamo B. Mamo and heads of other institutions and diplomats.
The theme for the event was “Ecosystem Restoration” and rallying slogan-Act Now, Restore Nature and Livelihoods. Today’s celebrations also marked the launch of UN’s decade of ecosystem restoration.

CS Keriako Tobiko launched the Garissa County Environmental Performance Index prepared by @NemaKenya

The event kicked off by planting of 1000 trees at Garissa University grounds. The dignitaries also planted trees in honour of the 148 students who lost their lives during the 2015 Garissa University attack.
“Kenya Government has been implementing a comprehensive programme to ‘Reimagine. Recreate and Restore’ the ecosystem”, H.E President Uhuru Kenyatta said in a speech read by CS Keriako Tobiko.
Governor Ali Korane urged the locals to be wary of the threat posed by Alshab. He stated that the issues of environmental degradation posed by presence of refugees in the County should be addressed by both the National and County government.
“The gifts the nature has endowed to us is priceless, let us Restore our ecosystem,” Senator Abdulkadir Haji remarked.
PS Environment and Forestry, Dr. Chris Kiptoo stated that the ministry will avail 42.5 million seeds per County to facilitate achievement of 10 percent tree cover.
NEMA Chairman, John Konchellah urged the locals to grow trees planted to maturity.
“The healthier the ecosystem are, the healthier we are…its time to act and undertake Ecosystem Restoration ~ DG NEMA Mamo B. Mamo. He added that article 42 of the Constitution gives right to a clean and healthy environment, but the right comes with an individual responsibility to keep their sorrounding clean.
The Authority also launched the Garissa County Environmental Performance Index that signifies the status of environment in the County. The county leadership were urged to beef up tree planting to achieve the 10% tree cover.
The event was preceded by a series of build up activities such as a public forum at the University grounds, cleanup of Garissa town along Kismayu road, and tree planting at County school and NEP secondary school.
The Authority donated 3-5,000 litres water tanks -for NEP seconday school, County School and laid the foundation for the construction of 10,000 litres for Garissa University.
NEMA through it’s County Directors of Environment coordinated celebration of World Environment Day in the rest of 46 Counties throughout the country.

World Wetlands Day Celebrations

Sabaki Estuary, the Athi-Galana-Sabaki River entry into the Indian Ocean is marvelous scenery dotted with thousands of flamingos, hippos, crocodiles and several bird species as listed by the Important Bird Area (IBA). The estuary marks the point where the Ocean water mix with the reddish river water, showcasing a clear distinction of the two waters trying to marry each other.

It is for these reasons that Kenya organized the World Wetlands Day, an annual event held on February 2nd to commemorate the date of adaption of the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands in the Iranian city of Ramsar in 1971 at the estuary. The Ramsar Convention which is the oldest Multi-Lateral Environment Agreement deals with conservation and wise use of wetland ecosystems and their resources. The global theme for this year is “Wetlands and Water”.

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The ceremony was led by Environment and Forestry Cabinet Secretary, Keriako Tobiko. The CS was concerned about the pollution emanating upstream into the ocean and asked NEMA to crackdown on environmental polluters.

The celebrations were presided by two days of buildup activities during which a total of 100,000 mangroves seedlings were planted at Sabaki Estuary and Mida Creek in the County. NEMA will adopt the sections that were planted with Mangroves at Mida Creek and Sabaki Estuary to ensure the mangroves grows till maturity.

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In regards to sand harvesting, CS Tobiko urged stakeholders to hold roundtable meeting to ensure that the harvesting is done in a sustainable manner as the Government was not out to destroy the livelihoods of the locals. He stated that the concern of the government is rehabilitation of environment and critical ecosystems such as the estuary.

According to CS Tobiko, one mangrove tree is equal to ten terrestrial trees in terms of carbon sequestration. The CS directed the NEMA to crack the whip on institutions pollution Sabaki River whose source is Ondiri Swamp in Kikuyu.

The event was also attend by Chief Administrative Secretary Mohammed Elmi who urged the locals to conserve the environment for their wellbeing. Mr. Elmi noted that the preservation of the estuary will benefit the locals and improve their livelihoods.

NEMA Chairman, John Konchellah noted that the Authority has taken bold steps in management of wetlands in the county such as implementation of Water quality regulations, 2006 where NEMA has undertaken Rapid Results Initiative to ensure Athi-Galana-Sabaki River is clean and those polluting the river are apprehended and prosecuted. “We cannot underscore the role of wetland biodiversity such as corals, seagrasses, mangroves, papyrus, sedges and reeds in purifying water and mitigating communities against impacts of climate change. The impact of climate change on wetlands consequently affects livelihoods of wetland resource dependent communities,” Konchellah said.

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The same sentiments were echoed by Director General Mamo B. Mamo who noted that the Authority has implemented the Integrated Wetlands Management Action Plan for various wetlands in the country as well as mapping of Riparian areas among other frameworks aimed at conserving wetlands.

CS Tobiko launched the Integrated Coastal Zone Management Action Plan, 2019-2023 and Sixth National Report to the Convention on Biological Diversity. The books will inform wetlands management in the region.

Institutions practicing best practices in wetlands management were today awarded for their effort in conservation of wetlands in Kenya.

The preparation for the annual event is coordinated by NEMA and other partner institutions such as Kenya Forest Service, Kenya Forestry Research Institute, Kenya Water Tower Agency, and County Government of Kilifi among others.

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Community Forum

Community Forum on WorldWetlandsDay at Moran Social Hall at Sabaki, Kilifi County. This is a buildup activity towards the event on 2nd February 2021.

The locals expressed challenges facing the Estuary such as cattle grazing, conservation of wild animals and birds, planting and deforestation of mangroves, overfishing and charcoal burning. The hippo population in the Estuary had grown to about 9 two years ago to more than 50 Currently. This was a result of concerted effort to preserve the river and protect them. On the flip side, increase in the number of hippotamus has led to increased human-wildlife conflicts. This has been a borne of contention for locals who that the animals are a threat to their livelihoods as they rely on the ocean resources.They requested KWS to ensure that are animals are kept into their habitat to avoid confrontation with humans.

The locals and county government were urged to market the flamingos dotting the Estuary as a tourist destination.

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Cleanup Exercise

The cleanup was held at Sabaki Estuary led by Nema Board chairman, John Konchellah. Mr. Konchellah warned those pollutting River right from the source in Nairobi that they will be arrested and prosecuted accordance with the law. He asked the county government of Kilifi and other agencies to partner and work together to ensure the River is kept clean. He rallied the youth to volunteer to clean the river.

The Cleanup was attended by other government agencies such as Kenya wildlife services, Kenya forest service, Kenya forestry research institute, County Government of Kilifi among stakeholders.

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Visit to Ecoworld and Hermingways hotel recycling facility

The NEMA board of directors, Staff and stakeholders visited Ecoworld plastic recycling facility in Gede Watamu in Kilifi County. The facility recycles plastics and ocean waste into different merchandise. Speaking at the facility, NEMA Chairman, John Konchellah appreciated the effort the facility has put in place to get rid of plastic from environment and recycling them. As the world Celebrated World Wetlands Day, the initiative can be used as a model of learning on various ways into which used plastics can be recycled into use.

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NEMA’s commitment to conserve wetlands;

  1. Developed, finalized and implemented Integrated Management Plans for various wetlands
  2. Developed and currently implementing the Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM 2019-2023) Action Plan
  • Delineated a conservation area through ground truthing and stakeholder consultation meeting
  1. Created awareness on need for conservation and management of the land within wetlands, riparian areas and their catchments
  2. Restored and rehabilitated degraded wetlands
  3. Continuously undertaken monitoring of wetlands to ensure wise use and curb any practices on wetlands that may result in the degradation and over exploitation of these ecosystems
  • Enforced Water Quality Regulations by stopping effluent discharge into water bodies
  • Guided development of legal, legislative and management frameworks such as Policies, Action Plans, Strategies and Regulations for coastal, marine and fresh water wetlands conservation
  1. Participated in the Nairobi river regeneration programme

Restoration of Hurri Hills in Marsabit Hills

NEMA DG Mamo B. Mamo planting a tree
at Hurri Hills Primary School in Marsabit

Communities living in Hurri Hills have been urged to plant trees to restore the dying water tower. Speaking during a tree planting
ceremony on 27th November 2020 at Hurri Primary School, Environment and Forestry CS Keriako Tobiko has told the community to plant trees in there homes, forests and in public institutions. “In the past, we used to say when you cut one tree, you plant two, but that has changed and we are saying she you cut one, you plant ten,” the CS said noting that this will lead to achievement of 10 percent tree cover.When the locals settled there in the 1960s, the hills were known as “ BataHurri” in local dialect loosely meaning “forest of mist”, with persistent destruction of forests over the years the place is now known as “Hurri” as the forest if gone. Hurri Hills is a gazetted water tower. However, the tower has undergone massive destruction of trees and overgrazing from the locals that has lead to drying
of rivers and other water sources. He remarked that efforts by individuals to adjudicate part of the forest is futile as the government has already taken over the iconic tower. The CS was accompanied by NEMA Director General, Mamo B. Mamo who expressed c

oncern at
the rate on which the tower was being destroyed. He narrated how the community the tower was full of trees but now remains a shadow of former self wi

th only grasslands. “Planting trees is the easier part, nurturing them to maturing is the hard part, Mamo stated as he urged the school management to engage the pupils in growing of the trees by making each student adopt a trees.
During th

e exercise, 5,000 trees were planted. The event was attended by heads of other public institutions and private sector representatives

Environment and Forestry CS, Keriako Tobiko planting a tree
at Hurri Primary School with pupils at the school

International Mountain Day

Environment and Forestry CS, Keriako Tobiko planting a tree
accompanied by NEMA DG Mamo B. Mamo and students at
Dol dol primary school in Laikipia

Laikipia County has a 6 percent tree cover as opposed to the recommended 10 percent. For this reason, the Ministry of Environment and Forestry led by Cabinet Secretary a delegation of government and non-state actors in a tree planting in several schools in the county during the International Mountain Day celebrated on 11th December 2020 in the County. The CS led a tree planting exercise in schools in Dol Dol where over five thousand tree seedlings were planted. The schools include; Dol Boys High, Dol Dol Primary and St Francis Girls Secondary.

The CS planted tree at Lechugu Mixed Secondary School in Thome, Laikipia County where over 1,000 indigenous tree seedlings were planted. During the tree planting exercise water tanks, gutters, desktop computers, bee hives, waste bins among others were donated to the schools by institutions under the Ministry.
The institutions included NEMA, NETFUND, NECC, Water Towers Agency, Kenya Forest Service and KEFRI who supported the learning institutions with water harvesting technology to support the tree growing in Schools.
The CS pledged the school management and the local leadership that he will speak to his Tourism and Wildlife counterpart to address the perennial interference by elephants.
The CS reiterated his commitment to work with Laikipia County Government to make Nanyuki the greenest city in the country. During the event, he launched 100 years of Nanyuki town. “I congratulate Nanyuki for setting the standards celebration of 100 years and publishing a memoir to immortalize not only the past but the future”, CS Tobiko praised.
The conflicts experienced in Laikipia County were generally driven by scarcity of resources majorly water due to degradation of Marmanet Forest. As a result, the County has been supplementing the ministry’s effort by planting trees to enhance tree cover and achieve a 10 percent cover.
The CS together with Laikipia North MP Hon Sarah Lekorere and former Speaker Hon Francis Ole Kaparo will also assist St Francis Secondary School to erect a fence to wade off unwanted interferences in the school.
The CS was accompanied by Former Speaker Francis Ole Kaparo, Laikipia North MP Hon Sarah Lekorere, NEMA DG Mamo B. Mamo, NETFUND CEO, Samson Toniok, KEFRI Director Dr Jane Njuguna, Chairperson and Secretary NECC Isabella Masinde and Dr John Chumo respectively among others.

International Mountain Day (IMD) is a day that was proclaimed by United Nations (UN) General Assembly in 2002. The annual event, is celebrated on 11th December. This year’s theme was protecting mountain biodiversity. In alignment with the ‘Biodiversity Super Year’ and
negotiation of the post-2020 biodiversity framework, the Day celebrates mountain biodiversity and seek to increase understanding of the threats that it faces. In Kenya, the day was celebrated in Nanyuki, Laikipia County by planting trees led by the Environment and
Forestry CS, Keriako Tobiko and several County and local leaders as well as organizations among them NEMA Director General, Mamo B. Mamo. This observance aims to draw attention to the important role that mountainous regions play in water and food supply. Various activities are organized on and around International Mountain Day with the aim to increase awareness of and knowledge around the role
of mountains and mountainous regions amongst the general population and professionals. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) coordinates the annual celebration of the Day to foster greater awareness of mountain issues.

 

Demonstration projects under the Bio-Bridge Initiative (BBI).

NOTIFICATION
No. 2020-042Dear Madam/Sir,

I am pleased to announce that the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity is now accepting proposals for a third round of demonstration projects under the Bio-Bridge Initiative (BBI).

Established at the twelfth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention, with initial funding from the Government of the Republic of Korea, the BBI facilitates technical and scientific cooperation among Parties to the Convention and its Protocols. One of the BBI’s main support mechanisms is the seed funding facility, which provides occasional small grants to catalyze the development of projects that promote exemplary technical and scientific cooperation approaches, particularly through South-South and triangular cooperation, to address biodiversity-related issues and challenges.

The criteria and procedure to be used in the selection process are available on the BBI website, at the following address: https://www.cbd.int/biobridge/projects.  As noted in the selection criteria, proposals must be aligned with the vision and mission of the BBI and should, among other things, take into account the following principles:

(i)     Respond to priorities identified in the country’s National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan;
(ii)    Seek to establish long-term cooperation between two or more countries on technical and scientific matters, including joint research and development of technical and scientific solutions; and
(iii)   Facilitate the transfer of technologies and/or exchange of specialized knowledge and know-how through institutional collaboration.

Participation of major stakeholders, especially women-led organizations and indigenous peoples and local communities, is strongly encouraged. It is anticipated that funding will be provided directly to the entities carrying out the service(s) required to respond effectively to the needs articulated in the proposal.

Relevant institutions from developing country Parties and Parties with economies in transition are invited to submit proposals by filling out the Seed Funding Proposal Form (https://attachments.cbd.int/BBI-Funding-Proposal-Form-2020.docx) and sending it by e-mail to: bbiproposals@cbd.int no later than 31 July 2020. The selection of projects will be completed by August 2020, and the implementation should start in September 2020 and end in December 2020.

The text of this notification is also available on the CBD website at: http://www.cbd.int/doc/notifications/2020/ntf-2020-042-bbi-en.pdf.

Please accept, Madam/Sir, the assurances of my highest consideration.

Elizabeth Maruma Mrema
Acting Executive Secretary
Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity United Nations Environment Programme
413 Saint-Jacques Street, Suite 800
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
H2Y 1N9

Tel: +1 514 288 2220
Fax: +1 514 288 6588
E-mail: secretariat@cbd.int
Web: http://www.cbd.int

The Convention on Biological Diversit

Strategies to Unlock Business Potential of Biodiversity Wealth

Source :KWS Website
First published October 18, 2019

Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS) Senior management held a two-day retreat in Mombasa to lay strategies of optimizing benefits from the country’s bioeconomy by unlocking the biodiversity business potential through innovative ways for creation of appropriate enablers and incentives that contribute to ease of doing business.

The senior management discussed gains made by the country and KWS in meeting its obligation on access and share of benefits arising from utilization of biodiversity, efforts on ease of doing business by permitting integration, innovative mechanisms for management, protection and conservation of the country’s wildlife heritage.

The meeting was supported by the Global Environmental Facility -Nagoya Implementation Fund (GEF-NPIF)) under the Soda lakes project. The Soda lakes project is ‘Developing the microbial Biotechnology Industry from Kenya’s soda lakes in line with the Nagoya Protocol’ and is among the 13 globally funded projects under the GEF – Nagoya Protocol Implementation Fund (NPIF). The NPIF fund was proposed by Japan presidency for COP 10 after adoption of Nagoya protocol to promote early entry into force and provide practical examples for its implementation. Kenya won the grant through Kenya wildlife service and other beneficiary countries include Argentina, Bhutan, Cameroon, Cook Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Fiji, Gabon, Kenya and Panama.

The Soda lakes project is a model project for implementation of Nagoya protocol and it is in the final stage of completion. Key achievements ranging from contribution to legal, policy and instructional arrangements have been realized under the project including showcasing the country’s rich biological resources during the Conference of Parties on the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and Nagoya Protocol to which Kenya is party.

For the last three years over 300 people ranging from local communities, resource providers and users have been sensitized on the country’s commitment and obligations under Nagoya Protocol. Kenya ratified Nagoya Protocol on access and benefit sharing of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge in 2014. Nagoya Protocol currently remains one of the key international instruments for biodiversity business transaction in terms of bio trade and gene trade which are key elements for green and blue economy (marine genetic resources). The business is done under recognition of national sovereignty and contracts referred to as prior informed Consent and mutually agreed Terms.

Kenya’s wildlife in addition to tourism contributes significantly to both global and national economy. Kenya’s rich unique genetic resources from varied ecosystem is feed stock to various sectors such as Agriculture, food industries including flavours, cosmetics, biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries .Some notable examples include the global detergents from enzymes derived from Kenya’s soda lakes, the biocontrols, the famous bacillus strain initially collected from Ruma area, which is now a global product used for genetic modification like in genetically modified maize among many others. Currently large quantise of Kenya‘s wildlife biological resources have been accessed and held in foreign ex-situ collections. These genetic resources are being exploited without sharing the benefits with the country.

The key reasons why the country does not get a fair share of benefits from her resources include resource misappropriation due to inadequate legal frameworks. This leads to ineffective compliance and enforcement while at the same time acting as an incentive and attracting investment in research and development which contribute to biodiversity conservation and livelihoods. Kenya wildlife Service is the competent government authority on wildlife matters under the Wildlife Conservation and Management Act 2013.

Under the Wildlife Act, the Service manages, coordinates and advises the government on all matters of wildlife. At the same time, it grants various user rights in forms of permits and licences including grant of Prior Informed Consent and Mutually Agreed terms on access and share of benefits arising from utilization of genetic resources and associated genetic resources. For the last seven years Kenya wildlife service has granted over 500 research permits for various projects where various benefits to the country in form of monetary and non-monetary have been realized.

In order to maximize benefits in this subsector there is need for strategic positioning in line with emerging issues at global and national level. There are current serious global debates on whether digital sequences derived from genetic resources qualifies for benefit sharing. Kenya and other developing and mega biodiversity minded countries position is that digital sequence is within the scope of Nagoya protocol and therefore its access and utilization deserve a share of benefits with the country of origin.

KWS and stakeholders are undertaking various initiatives which include the wildlife Strategy 2030 that recommends development of a substantive access and benefit sharing framework, reviewing the wildlife Act 2013, development of appropriate regulatory and institutional frameworks including infrastructure, skills and recruitments. Together with stakeholders, the Endowment Fund under the wildlife Act 2013 has been amended to National Conservation Trust fund, to consolidate all benefits derived from wildlife and direct them appropriately to biodiversity conservation and livelihoods support.

In line with the presidential directive on E-commerce, the Service has initiated internal integration of its licencing and permitting process digitizing the process and also together with key partner institutions such as National Management Authority (NEMA), National Council for Science Technology and Innovation, Kenya Forestry Service , Kenya Plant and phytosanitary Services and Department of Veterinary Services In addition to this, a national integrated online permitting system for grant of ABS permits on genetic resources and associated knowledge is being developed. On completion, the system will contribute to reduced wildlife crimes arising from misappropriation of genetic resources, enhance coordination, increasing transparency, and therefore increase Research and Development applications. This will lead to increased traceability and monitoring on utilization of genetic resources which at the end optimize benefits and contribute to the national development goals as well as to biodiversity conservation and rural livelihoods.

The key partners for Soda lakes project include UNEP, University of Nairobi, Kenya Industrial Research and Development Institute, Jomo Kenyatta University for Agriculture and Technology, Moi University, Rivatex, Counties and local communities within the Kenyan Soda Lakes. Together with NEMA, KWS is implementing the ABS activities under UNDP global ABS project and the GIZ ABS initiatives.