NEMA’s West Pokot on Climate Change

A PSP Baraza with local youth and elders at pastoral zones of the county [PHOTO: COURTESY]

Participatory Scenario Planning (PSP) is a multi-stakeholder forum for accessing seasonal climate forecasts and translating them to relate to local livelihoods and developments so as to generate information that is useful for decision making and planning at seasonal timescale.
PSP entails raising awareness and knowledge of the importance of environmental sustainability, Natural Resource Management (NRM) and the causes and effects of climate change and improving access to and use of appropriate NRM and climate change technologies and services particularly for women, male and female youth and the vulnerable groups.
Participatory Scenario Planning is coordinated by ASDSP-West Pokot through West Pokot NRM and Climate change working Group Chaired by NEMA County Director of Environment West Pokot, Christopher Muchiri. Members are drawn from the relevant line ministries/departments and the civil society. Normally, the climate change working group is an adhoc member committee drawn from West
Access to and use of climate information is critical to understanding the varying climate change and assessing its influence Pokot County Technical Environment Committee.
The objectives of the PSP in the county are; the usage of climate and weather information in West Pokot County so as to enable communities mitigate against the risks of climate and weather variability, provide a forum through which climate experts can interact and exchange information with users of climate, develop sector specific scenarios and advisories for planning purposes under the predicted climate/weather forecasts and share out information on best practice in the wake of high climatic variability.
on lives, livelihoods and development which in west Pokot are heavily reliant on nomadic pastoralism and smallholder rain-fed agriculture.
On the other hand, climate information is an important contributor to agricultural development that is sustainable and resilient to the variations and changes in climate. For example, climate information enables an understanding of shifting agro-climatic zones with implications on the types of crops that can do well in different areas.
Consequently, climate information informs the focus and development of agricultural value chains that are best suited to different climatic contexts. Actors of value chain can then make informed, appropriate and anticipatory decisions and plans on agricultural technologies and practices.
This forms the multi-stakeholder forum for accessing seasonal climate forecasts and ‘’translating’’ them to relate to local livelihoods and developments so as to generate information that is useful for decision making and planning at seasonal timescale.
West Pokot County normally holds two PSP in a year during long and short rains.

NIE CEO’s hold a meeting on Adaptation Fund

NEMA DG, Prof. Geoffrey Wahungu chairs the NIE CEO’s meeting on Monday [PHOTO: ANTHONY MWANGI / NEMA]

The accredited National Implementing Entities (NIE) held a CEO’s meeting on Monday 24th November 2014 at NEMA headquarters to deliberate on Adaptation Fund. The CEO’s from 12 organizations in both public and community based organizations were among the many institutions that had submitted their proposals to be considered in the implementation of the Kshs.1 billion from the Adaptation Fund. NIE secretariat had to carry out a thorough selection process to come up with the winning proposals.
The funds are from global Adaptation Fund for climate change adaptations projects in Kenya. It’s a finance mechanism provided for under Kyoto protocol of United National Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) of which Kenya is a signatory.
While opening the meeting, NEMA DG, Prof. Geoffrey Wahungu expressed his gratitude to the CEO’s present for their contribution in submitting their proposals facilitating the approval of the adaptation fund. “The proposals were well done and I thank all members who heeded to our call and submitted their proposals” the DG said.
Presenting the NIE process, NIE secretary, Wangari Kirumba noted that 102 proposal from various institutions were received. They had to undergo a rigorous process of selecting who to bring onboard and who to leave. Off course, the proposals to be accredited had to meet the Adaptation Fund requirements.
Kirumba informed the members that Adaptation Fund was different from other form of international fund in that the fund has an automatic source and employs a disbursement mechanism. This means that the funds can be accessed directly which is different from other forms of donor funds. NEMA will see the implementation of the project. On the other hand, the inter-ministerial committee will assume the oversight role spearhead by the Ministry of Environment, Water and Natural Resources.
The organizations that have been accredited by NEMA includes; CARITAS, World Vision, Kenyatta University, Redcross, Tarda, CDA, HORN AID, KRCD, VIRED International, NASARU Women Group and KEFRI.
NEMA will oversee all the implementing entities as it was the institution nominated nationally by the parties and accredited by the Adaptation Fund. On the other hand, the allocation of funds to the implementing partners will be based on financial integrity, institutional capacity, work plans as well as the budgets.
During the plenary, some members expressed their concern on the implementation timelines and the relationship between the EE’s and sub EE’s. They stated that small organizations may experience challenges especially in regards to procurement procedures. Responding to members concerns, NIE chairman, Dr. Ayub Macharia stated that high level of transparency will be demanded as the implementation and usage of the funds will be monitored by Transparency International. The members also expressed a general concern that the steering committee should involve all partners to harmonize some of the requirements of the project such as reporting and agreements. In this case, the individual members were advised to work together to facilitate the implementation of the project within the timeline outlined.
The members also felt that public participation is not optional. During the presentation, Dr. Ayub Macharia reiterated that public participation should be well done to avoid rubbing the public the wrong way hence avoiding incidences such as demonstrations and protests. Moreover, it was important to deal with possible social risk that may rise during the implementation process to avoid such occurrences in future.
The implementation phase of the project will be 3 years but the process has to go through contractual, launch and inception. The members agreed to launch the project on the first week of March 2015. The implementing entities intend to develop and implement integrated mechanisms to increase community livelihood resilience to climate change.
“NEMA invested heavily in hope that they will recover the money later and now we are happy that the project has come into fruition”, the DG said as he thanked the CEO’s for heeding to the call.